Ever since then, it raised a series of question marks, controversies and worries. It was not always explained correctly and can be extremely hard to diagnose, both because of the diversified Lyme disease symptoms and the laboratory results, which often have no connections one to another. When diagnosed and treated in time, it can be cured. When left untreated, it can have a severe and harsh evolution, not to mention about harmful complications. The disease can be taken during the hot seasons. Basic activities like a walk in the nature or a picnic can endanger you and your family.
The Lyme disease is caused by a specific bacteria – Borrelia burgdorferi – and can be transmitted by tick bites. Ticks live in tall weeds, on leaves and around parks or forests. They feed with blood coming from the animals they attack, such as mice, squirrels, deers or birds. The birds are responsible for the long distance disease distribution. Such ticks may also attack people and can transmit the bacteria. It is very important to know that the disease cannot be transmitted from one individual to another, whether you count the air, touching or sexual intercourse. It cannot be transmitted by air, water or food either. However, a transfusion may get you infected, not to mention about the transfers from mothers to newborn kids.
The initial Lyme Disease Symptoms will show up after 3 to 30 days and imply a specific cutaneous eruption around the bite. The patient will also observe a small red bump that grows in size daily. However, the growth expands over days and not as rapidly as an allergy. More commonly, a red area may be surrounded by a clear area and then a red ring. The wound grows to a few dozen inches if left untreated and it doesn’t bring in any painful or itchy sensations. After a few days or weeks, more eruptions invade the patients in various parts of the body.
Some other Lyme Disease Symptoms showing up in time can trick the patient into thinking about a cold or flu – fever, tremor, muscular or joint pains, headaches, tiredness or enlarged ganglia. These symptoms will haunt you for up to a few weeks. If the disease is not discovered and treated, severe joint affections will arise within months, plus cardiac or neurological conditions. Most commonly, the knees are affected. They are stiffen and painful. The neurological Lyme disease symptoms include facial paralysis, back headaches, numbness, tingling sensations, general weakness and difficulties while concentrating. Around 10% of the patients end up with cardiac complications. You know you are exposed to such risks when you start feeling dizzy and experiencing a low cardiac frequency and palpitations.
Ideally, you should avoid the wild places, but also the problematic areas with a lot of wild animals, especially during the hot season. Check out your pets too after walking them.